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Cấu trúc câu so sánh với As… as, The same as và Different from

Ngoài cách diễn đạt “as…as” để diễn đạt so sánh bằng, bạn có thể sử dụng cấu trúc ” the same as “. Bài viết cũng sẽ giới thiệu cấu trúc “different from” để thể hiện sự so sánh giống – khác.

So sánh với as … as the same as different from

+ cách viết lại câu mang ý nghĩa so sánh sự giống nhau với As … as và the same as;

+ cách viết lại câu mang ý nghĩa so sánh sự khác nhau với not as … as và different from

I. Lý thuyết cấu trúc câu so sánh với as … as the same as different from

1. So sánh sự giống nhau: “as… as”, “the same as” (giống như)

– Cấu trúc câu so sánh ngang bằng được dùng để so sánh 2 người, vật,… có tính chất gì đó tương đương nhau.

Cấu trúc

S + to be + as + adj + as + noun/ pronoun/ clause.

S + V + the same + noun + as + noun/pronoun.

Ghi chú

S: chủ ngữ, adj: tính từ, noun: danh từ, pronoun: đại từ, clause: mệnh đề.

Ví dụ

Folk music is as melodic as pop music. (Nhạc dân gian thì du dương như là nhạc pop.)

My painting is as expensive as hers. (Bức họa của tôi thì đắt bằng bức họa của cô ây.)

This camera is as good as it was before. (Cái máy ảnh này vẫn tốt như ngày nào.)

She is the same height as me.

(Cô ấy có chiều cao như tôi.)

She has the same book as me.

(Cô ấy có cuốn sách giống tôi.)

2. So sánh sự khác nhau: “not as…as” (không… bằng), “different from” (khác)

– Cấu trúc câu so sánh không ngang bằng được dùng để so sánh 2 người, vật,… khác nhau ở một mặt nào đó.

Cấu trúc

S + to be + not + so/as + adj + as + noun/ pronoun/ clause.

S + to be + different from + noun/ pronoun.

Ví dụ

Black and white movies are not as interesting as colour movies. (Những bộ phim đen trắng thì không hấp dẫn bằng những phim màu.)

My hometown is not as noisy as yours. (Quê tôi không ồn ào như quê bạn.)

She is not as famous as she was before. (Cô ấy không còn nổi tiếng như trước nữa.)

Life in the city is different from life in the countryside. (Cuộc sống trong thành phố khác cuộc sống ở vùng quê.)

His house is different from my house. (Ngôi nhà của anh ấy khác ngôi nhà của tôi.)

Lưu ý

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Ở cấu trúc “not as…as”, ta có thể thay thế “as” đầu tiên bằng “so”.

II. Bài tập về as as the same different from có đáp án

Bài 1: Hoàn thành các câu dưới đây, sử dụng câu trúc so sánh “as…as” và tính từ trong ngoặc.

1. I am not______________ you. (tall)

2. This book is not______________ that one. (interesting)

3. This summer is______________ last summer. (hot)

4. Yesterday it was______________ today. (sunny)

5. I think that my essay is______________ yours. (good)

6. My dog isn’t______________ it appears to be. (fierce)

7. Children nowadays are not______________ they used to be. (active)

8. Watching movie is not______________ reading book. (entertaining)

9. Jane is______________ as a doll. (pretty)

10. Cats are not______________ dogs. (friendly)

11. My brother said that going abroad was not______________ he thought. (amusing)

12. She didn’t want to be late, so she run______________ she could. (fast)

13. Please call me______________ possible. (soon)

14. Sleeping on the sofa is not______________ in bed. (comfortable)

15. This hotel is______________ the one near the beach but it is much better. (expensive)

16. My grandmother is______________ fairy godmother. (warm-hearted)

17. Do you think learning Japanese is______________ learning English? (difficult)

18. This musician is not______________ that one. (popular)

19. Ann looks ______________ princess in her new dress. (gorgeous)

20. The river isn’t______________ it looks. (deep)

Bài 2: Dùng câu trúc so sánh “different from” để hoàn thành những câu dưới đây:

1. My house is small and old. Your house is spacious and modern.

My house is _________________________________________________

2. My mother’s favorite food is noodle. My favorite food is rice.

My mother’s favorite food ___________________________________

3. My best friend has a powerful personality. I have a weak personality.

My best friend’s personality ___________________________________

4. Life in the countryside is quiet and peaceful. Life in the city is exciting.

__________________________________________________________.

5. Lan’s school is Hai Ba Trung School. Hue goes to Nguyen Hue School.

___________________________________________________________.

6. My hobby is collecting stamps. My brother’s hobby is playing the piano.

_____________________________________________________.

7. My answer for this equation is “4” but Tom thinks it should be “5”.

_________________________________________________________.

8. My sister’s hair is long and wavy. My hair is short and straight

________________________________________________________________

Bài 3: Hoàn thành các câu dưới đây, sử dụng cấu trúc so sánh “the same … as” và danh từ trong ngoặc.

1. My sister has______________ me. (height)

2. Jim pursues ______________ Jane, (hobby)

3. My best friend is at______________ me. (age)

4. My friends went to see______________ me (movie).

5. This musician plays______________ me. (musical instrument)

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6. Critics say that this painter has______________ with that one. (style)

7. My brother is interested in ______________ me. (subject)

8. This class has ______________ that one. (number of students)

9. Anne bought______________ me yesterday. (dress)

10. She cut her hair______________ mine. (length)

11. My best friend likes______________ my brother. (books)

12. I bought my car at______________ hers. (price)

13. My mother likes ______________ me. (TV programs)

14. He had ______________ a famous actor. (appearance)

15. He puts on ______________ usual. (old coat).

Bài 4: Gạch chân lỗi sai trong các câu sau và viết lại câu đúng.

1. My boyfriend is as strong like a horse.

__________________________________________________________________.

2. This exercises isn’t hard as I thought.

__________________________________________________________________.

3. Life in foreign countries is different life in home country.

__________________________________________________________________.

4. My parents share the same hobby as.

__________________________________________________________________.

5. His cat isn’t the same pretty as mine.

__________________________________________________________________.

6. This art museum is definitely different as the historical museum.

__________________________________________________________________.

7. Roses don’t have the same fragrance like lotuses.

__________________________________________________________________.

8. My essay is as length as yours.

__________________________________________________________________.

9. This island isn’t as beautiful than those I have visited.

__________________________________________________________________.

10. My mother is different appearance from me.

__________________________________________________________________.

Bài 5: Sắp xếp những từ cho sẵn thành câu hoàn chỉnh:

1. difficult/ as/ Playing/ is/ piano/ guitar/ playing/ as.

__________________________________________________________________.

2. horse/ run/ a/ Can/ fast/ as/ a/ as/ train?

__________________________________________________________________.

3. try/ as/can/ you/ hard/ as/ should/ You.

__________________________________________________________________.

4. Tom’s/ totally/ is/ from/ My/ writing style/ different.

__________________________________________________________________.

5. car/ same/ runs/ the/ speed/ at/ His/ mine/ as.

__________________________________________________________________.

6. I/ went/ My/ school/ friend/ same/ the/ best/ and/ to.

__________________________________________________________________.

7. good/This/ fridge/ modern/ isn’t/ as/ my/ one/ as/ old.

__________________________________________________________________.

8. Spending time/ isn’t/ with/ as/computer/ as/ friends/ entertaining/ on/ spending time.

__________________________________________________________________.

ĐÁP ÁN

Bài 1: Hoàn thành các câu dưới đây, sử dụng câu trúc so sánh “as…as” và tính từ trong ngoặc.

1 – as tall as; 2 – as interesting as; 3 – as hot as; 4 – as sunny as; 5 – as good as;

6 – as fierce as; 7 – as active as; 8 – as entertaining as; 9 – as pretty as; 10 – as friendly
as;

11 – as amusing as; 12 – as fast as; 13 – as soon as; 14 – as comfortable as;

15 – as expensive as; 16 – as warm-hearted as; 17 – as difficult as; 18 – as popular as;

19 – as gorgeous as; 20 – as deep as;

Bài 2: Dùng câu trúc so sánh “different from” để hoàn thành những câu dưới đây:

1 – My house is different from your house.

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2 – My mother’s favourite food is different from my favourite food.

3 – My best friend’s personality is different from my personality.

4 – Life in the countryside is different from life in the city.

5 – Lan’s school is different from Hue’s school.

6 – My hobby is different from my brother’s hobby.

7 – My answer for this equation is different from Tom’s answer.

8 – My sister’s hair is different from my hair.

Bài 3: Hoàn thành các câu dưới đây, sử dụng cấu trúc so sánh “the same … as” và danh từ trong ngoặc.

1 – the same height as; 2 – the same hobby as; 3 – the same age as; 4 – the same movie as;

5 – the same musical instrument as; 6 – the same style as; 7 – the same subject as;

8 – the same number of students as; 9 – the same dress as; 10 – the same length as;

11 – the same books as; 12 – the same price as; 13 – the same TV programs as;

14 – the same appearance as; 15 – the same old coat as;

Bài 4: Gạch chân lỗi sai trong các câu sau và viết lại câu đúng.

1 – like thành as; 2 – isn’t thành isn’t as/ so; 3 – different thành different from;

4 – bỏ as; 5 – the same thành as; 6 – different thành as different; 7 – like thành as;

8 – length thành long; 9 – than thành as; 10 – bỏ appearance;

Bài 5: Sắp xếp những từ cho sẵn thành câu hoàn chỉnh:

1 – Playing piano is as difficult as playing guitar.

2 – Can a horse run as fast as a train?

3 – You should try as hard as you can.

4 – My writing style is totally different from Tom’s.

5 – His car runs the same speed as mine.

6 – My best friend and I went to the same school.

7 – This fridge isn’t as good as my old one.

8 – Spending time on computers isn’t as entertaining as spending time with friends

Đáp án có trong file tải: Lý thuyết & Bài tập Cấu trúc viết lại câu so sánh với As… as, The same as … và Different from. Mời bạn đọc tham khảo thêm nhiều tài liệu ôn tập Tiếng Anh cơ bản như: Tài liệu luyện kỹ năng Tiếng Anh cơ bản, Ôn tập Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh, Luyện thi Tiếng Anh trực tuyến,… được cập nhật liên tục trên chongthamvietnam.vn

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